Objective: The goal of this study was to compare the effectiveness of home-based, transtelephonically monitored cardiac rehabilitation with standard, on-site, supervised cardiac rehabilitation. Background: Participation in cardiac rehabilitation has been demonstrated to increase exercise capacity; decrease cardiovascular symptoms, improve psychosocial status, and decrease total and cardiovascular mortality rates in patients with coronary heart disease. Because of multiple factors, national overall participation is only at 15% of eligible patients. Methods: Effects of a 3- month home-based, transtelephonically monitored rehabilitation program (n = 83 patients) with simultaneous voice and electrocardiographic transmission to a centrally located nurse coordinator were compared with effects of a standard on-site rehabilitation program (n = 50 patients). The study design was a multicenter, controlled trial. Primary outcome variables were peak aerobic capacity and quality of life, as measured by the Health Status Questionnaire. Results: Patients in the home-based monitoring program increased peak aerobic capacity to a similar degree as patients who exercised on site (18% vs 23%). Quality of life domains of physical functioning, social functioning, physical role limitations, emotional role limitations, bodily pain, and energy/fatigue improved similarly in both groups. There were no circulatory arrests or other major exercise-related medical events in either group. A total of 3100 hours of home exercise were transtelephonically monitored. Conclusions: Patients with coronary heart disease can effectively participate in home-based, monitored cardiac rehabilitation, with exercise and quality of life improvements comparable to those demonstrated at on-site programs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine