A controlled trial of cardiac rehabilitation in the home setting using electrocardiographic and voice transtelephonic monitoring

Philip A. Ades, Fredric J. Pashkow, Gerald Fletcher, Ileana L. Pina, Lenore R. Zohman, James R. Nestor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

103 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The goal of this study was to compare the effectiveness of home-based, transtelephonically monitored cardiac rehabilitation with standard, on-site, supervised cardiac rehabilitation. Background: Participation in cardiac rehabilitation has been demonstrated to increase exercise capacity; decrease cardiovascular symptoms, improve psychosocial status, and decrease total and cardiovascular mortality rates in patients with coronary heart disease. Because of multiple factors, national overall participation is only at 15% of eligible patients. Methods: Effects of a 3- month home-based, transtelephonically monitored rehabilitation program (n = 83 patients) with simultaneous voice and electrocardiographic transmission to a centrally located nurse coordinator were compared with effects of a standard on-site rehabilitation program (n = 50 patients). The study design was a multicenter, controlled trial. Primary outcome variables were peak aerobic capacity and quality of life, as measured by the Health Status Questionnaire. Results: Patients in the home-based monitoring program increased peak aerobic capacity to a similar degree as patients who exercised on site (18% vs 23%). Quality of life domains of physical functioning, social functioning, physical role limitations, emotional role limitations, bodily pain, and energy/fatigue improved similarly in both groups. There were no circulatory arrests or other major exercise-related medical events in either group. A total of 3100 hours of home exercise were transtelephonically monitored. Conclusions: Patients with coronary heart disease can effectively participate in home-based, monitored cardiac rehabilitation, with exercise and quality of life improvements comparable to those demonstrated at on-site programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-548
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican heart journal
Volume139
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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