A Comparison of Common Health Indicators From Two Surveys of Latinos in the Bronx, New York

Aldo Crossa, Jillian Jessup, Sze Yan Liu, Carmen R. Isasi, David B. Hanna, Simin Hua, Fangtao He, Amber Levanon Seligson, Sungwoo Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Population health surveys inform and demonstrate the impact of public health policies. However, the performance of such surveys in specific groups of interest (e.g., Hispanics/Latinos in a neighborhood of New York City) is rarely studied. Method: We compared measures for obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and current smoking based on the New York City Community Health Survey (CHS, a telephone survey of New York City adults) with the Hispanic Community Health Survey/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), an in-person survey of Hispanic/Latino adults in four communities in the United States (2008-2011), including the Bronx. CHS data were limited to Hispanic/Latinos living in the HCHS/SOL Bronx catchment area. Results: Compared with CHS, HCHS/SOL estimated higher prevalence of obesity (in HCHS/SOL, PHCHS/SOL = 45.0% vs. in CHS, PCHS = 30.6%, p <.01) and current smoking (PHCHS/SOL = 21.2% vs. PCHS = 16.2%, p <.01) but similar for hypertension (PHCHS/SOL = 33.1% vs. PCHS = 33.8%, p >.05) and diabetes (PHCHS/SOL = 15.2% vs. PCHS = 15.7%, p >.05). Stratified estimates (by age, sex, education, and Hispanic/Latino heritage) followed similar trends. Conclusion: Our study emphasizes the importance of assessing potential bias in population-based surveys of Hispanics/Latinos and other populations of interest and highlights the complex nature of measuring health outcomes via population-based surveys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-76
Number of pages6
JournalHispanic Health Care International
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • Latino health
  • diabetes
  • hypertension
  • obesity
  • population survey
  • smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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