A comparison between late preterm and term infants on breastfeeding and maternal mental health

Sheila W. McDonald, Karen M. Benzies, Jenna E. Gallant, Deborah A. McNeil, Siobhan M. Dolan, Suzanne C. Tough

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to compare breastfeeding, postpartum mental health, and health service utilization between a group of late preterm (LP) maternal infant pairs and term counterparts. Data was drawn from a prospective community-based cohort in Calgary, Alberta. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were performed. LP infants were more likely to have had a longer median length of stay after birth (P < 0.001) and a higher re-hospitalization rate at 4-months (P < 0.001) compared to term infants. Mothers of LP infants were more likely to report immediate breastfeeding difficulties (P < 0.001) and earlier cessation of breastfeeding at 4-months postpartum (P = 0.008). Multivariable analyses revealed that LP status was an independent risk factor for excessive symptoms of maternal anxiety (OR = 2.07; 95 % CI = 1.08,3.98), but not for depression, stress, or low parenting morale. LP infants and their families are a vulnerable population with unique developmental trajectories. Further longitudinal research is required.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1468-1477
Number of pages10
JournalMaternal and child health journal
Volume17
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • Breastfeeding
  • Late preterm
  • Maternal mental health
  • Postpartum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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