A common variant in pre-miR-146 is associated with coronary artery disease risk and its mature miRNA expression

Xing dong Xiong, Miook Cho, Xiu ping Cai, Jie Cheng, Xia Jing, Jin ming Cen, Xinguang Liu, Xi li Yang, Yousin Suh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations


miRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that play an important role in numerous physiological processes. Common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in pre-miRNAs may change their property through altering miRNAs expression and/or maturation, resulting in diverse functional consequences. To date, the role of genetic variants in pre-miRNAs on coronary artery disease (CAD) risk remains poorly understood. Here we aimed to evaluate the influence of three common SNPs in pre-miRNAs (miR-146a rs2910164 G>C, miR-196a2 rs11614913 C>T, miR-499 rs3746444 T>C) on individual susceptibility to CAD in a Chinese population of 295 CAD patients and 283 controls. Genotyping was performed using polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. In a logistic regression analysis, we detected an association of rs2910164 in pre-miR-146a with the CAD risk; compared with the GG homozygotes, the GC heterozygotes [odds ratio (OR)=1.89, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.06-3.36, P=0.029] and the CC homozygotes (OR=1.83, 95% CI=1.01-3.32, P=0.046) genotype were statistically significantly associated with the increased risk for CADs. As we used further genotype association models, we found a similar trend of the association in recessive model (OR=1.86, 95% CI=1.09-3.19, P=0.023). We also found that the genotypes of miR-146a rs2910164 were associated with its mature miRNA expression by analyzing 23 PBMC samples from CAD patients. Individuals carrying rs11614913 GC or CC genotypes showed 3.2-fold higher expression compared to GG genotype carriers (P<. 0.05). We observed no association of the other two SNPs in miR-196a2 (rs11614913) and miR-499 (rs3746444) with the CAD incidence. Our data provide the first evidence that the miR-146a rs2910164 polymorphism is associated with increased risk of CAD in Chinese Han population, which may be through influencing the expression levels of the miRNA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-20
Number of pages6
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
StatePublished - Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Coronary artery disease
  • MicroRNA
  • Risk
  • Single nucleotide polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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