This case report documents the eighth reported case of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) occurring after treatment of Wilms tumor. Although secondary malignancies after treatment of Wilms tumors are not infrequent, RCC as the second malignancy is rare. We discuss a 17-year-old girl whose RCC was diagnosed 12.5 years after diagnosis of a Wilms tumor. In addition, we review the literature on the subject. Renal cell carcinoma has been proposed as a consequent of chemoradiation; however, a genetic susceptibility must be considered. Because it is routine to assess the functional status of the remaining solitary kidney by annual ultrasonography, we recommend assessing for the presence of secondary renal malignancies and perhaps continuing routine ultrasounds long-term.
- Renal cell carcinoma
- Secondary malignancy
- Wilms tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health