Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate procedural and 1-year clinical and echocardiographic outcomes of patients treated with tricuspid edge-to-edge repair. Background: Transcatheter edge-to-edge repair has been successfully performed in selected patients with symptomatic tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and high risk for surgery, but outcome data are sparse. Methods: This analysis of the multicenter international TriValve (Transcatheter Tricuspid Valve Therapies) registry included 249 patients with severe TR treated with edge-to-edge repair in compassionate and/or off-label use. Clinical and echocardiographic outcomes were prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed. Results: In 249 patients (mean age 77 ± 9 years; European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II score 6.4% [interquartile range: 3.9% to 13.9%]), a successful procedure with TR reduction to grade ≤2+ was achieved in 77% by placement of 2 ± 1 tricuspid clips. Concomitant treatment of severe TR and mitral regurgitation was performed in 52% of patients. At 1-year follow-up, significant and durable improvements in TR severity (TR ≤2+ in 72% of patients) and New York Heart Association functional class (≤II in 69% of patients) were observed. All-cause mortality was 20%, and the combined rate of mortality and unplanned hospitalization for heart failure was 35%. Predictors of procedural failure included effective regurgitant orifice area, tricuspid coaptation gap, tricuspid tenting area, and absence of central or anteroseptal TR jet location. Predictors of 1-year mortality were procedural failure, worsening kidney function, and absence of sinus rhythm. Conclusions: Transcatheter tricuspid edge-to-edge repair can achieve TR reduction at 1 year, resulting in significant clinical improvement. Predictors of procedural failure and 1-year mortality identified here may help select patients who will benefit most from this therapy.
- edge-to-edge repair
- heart failure
- structural heart disease
- tricuspid valve interventional repair
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine