Urban public housing, neighborhood, and cardiovascular disease in primary care

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Project Summary/ Abstract Public housing was developed to provide stable housing for low-income families. It has since become synonymous with concentrated poverty. Programs to reduce poverty have focused on dismantling public housing to be replaced, if at all, by mixed income design alternatives. Studies have shown that low-income residents living in public housing have deleterious health outcomes. It is not clear, however, how public housing residents fare on a number of cardiovascular health indicators compared to those with an alternate low-income housing arrangement. Mechanistic models that incorporate housing with neighborhood access to resources and individual behaviors are poorly defined and understood. However, examining individual- and neighborhood- level data in synergistic ways can provide an important contribution to existing health campaigns to address cardiovascular disease in low-income populations. The current proposal uses a novel geocoding approach to analyze primary care electronic clinical record data in relation to housing and neighborhood level data from various sources in order to track health outcomes. This analysis approach focuses on individual level data within the context of the patient's housing and neighborhood environment. This K 01 award is designed to provide the foundation both conceptual and technical for Dr. Chambers to develop a career trajectory that combines prior experience in social and built environmental determinants of health with new knowledge in socio-ecologic models, graphical science, multi-level statistical modeling, and research informatics. The long-term goal is to develop clinical and public health partnerships that will use multi- source data, including housing and neighborhood environment, to the develop interventions that target vulnerable patient populations. (End of Abstract)
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date12/1/1411/30/15

Funding

  • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: $141,345.00

ASJC

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Policy
  • Epidemiology
  • Urban Studies

Fingerprint Explore the research topics touched on by this project. These labels are generated based on the underlying awards/grants. Together they form a unique fingerprint.