The Role of Ionizing Radiation in Alzheimer?s Disease

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

PROJECT DESCRIPTION: The goal of this Administrative Supplement project is to determine whether extracellular cold inducible RNA-binding protein (eCIRP), a damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) molecule, is released by microglial cells upon radiation exposure and leads to tau pathology in Alzheimer?s disease (AD). AD is the 6th leading cause of death in the US and the most common form of neurodegenerative dementia. Although studies have linked ionizing radiation exposure to cognitive dysfunction, the role of radiation injury in the etiology of AD has not been sufficiently explored. eCIRP is known to be released by irradiated cells and activated macrophages, and our preliminary studies have shown that serum levels of eCIRP are elevated after total body irradiation (TBI), raising the possibility that TBI may cause microglial cells to release eCIRP in the central nervous system. Indeed, we discovered that eCIRP was increased in the cerebrospinal fluid of AD patients. Moreover, eCIRP increased tau phosphorylation and upregulated the Cdk5 hyperactivator p25 via eCIRP?s activation of the interleukin-6 receptor ? (IL-6R?)/STAT3 pathway. We also showed that the eCIRP competitive antagonist small peptide C23 inhibited eCIRP?s activation of IL-6R?/STAT3 and upregulation of p25. Based on these novel findings, we hypothesize that ionizing radiation induces microglial cells to release eCIRP in the brain, leading to pathological tau phosphorylation and aggregation. Moreover, we further hypothesize that treatment with C23 attenuates the development of radiation-induced tau pathology. In this project, we plan to determine the effects of irradiation and the contribution of microglial cells to brain eCIRP release. We will then demonstrate the role of eCIRP in the induction of AD-like pathological tau phosphorylation and aggregation after irradiation. Finally, we will conduct a proof-of-concept study to evaluate whether eCIRP antagonism with C23 attenuates pathological tau phosphorylation and aggregation after TBI. Our studies will provide novel pivotal insights into the precise role of ionizing radiation in the pathogenesis of AD, as well as new potential therapeutic strategies for treating AD patients in the future.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date6/7/175/31/22

ASJC

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Radiation
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Fingerprint

Explore the research topics touched on by this project. These labels are generated based on the underlying awards/grants. Together they form a unique fingerprint.