The 90 kilodalton heat shock protein (hsp90) is a highly abundant, highly conserved protein in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. In certain mammalian cell types, the isozymes of hsp90 can comprise as much as 2% of total cellular protein under nonstess conditions. At elevated temperatures, both the transcription and translation of hsp90 increase dramatically suggesting that it plays a major role in the heat shock response. In fact, like several other heat shock proteins, hsp90 has been shown to chaperone protein folding in vitro; that is, addition of hsp90 prevents nonproductive aggregation of protein molecules during refolding reactions. In addition, hsp90 has been shown to modulate the activities of a variety of signal transduction molecules including steroid hormone receptors (such as the glucocorticoid and estrogen receptors) as well as nonreceptor tyrosine kinases (such as v-src). Finally, hsp90 has been found to be associated with molecules such as calmodulin, actin, tubulin and serine/threonine kinases such as casein kinase II and eIF-2a kinase. Overall, the studies of the interactions between hsp90 and these various signal transduction molecules hint that the mechanism through which hsp90 modulates the activities of these molecules and its role as a chaperone may overlap; these signaling molecules may have co-opted the ability of hsp90 to stabilize folding intermediates into regulating conformational changes necessary for signaling. Therefore, to begin probing these mechanisms, we have initiated a structural study of htpG (high temperature production protein G), the Escherichia coli member of the hsp90 family.
|Effective start/end date||10/1/97 → 8/14/99|
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Computers in Earth Sciences
- Geochemistry and Petrology
- Medical Laboratory Technology
- Library and Information Sciences
- Molecular Biology
- Structural Biology
- History and Philosophy of Science
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Cell Biology
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