DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Innate immune system activation is a recognized feature of chronic HIV infection that may contribute to HIV disease progression as well increasingly important non-classic HIV complications such as cardiovascular disease (CVD). This proposal will a) identify mechanisms linking innate immunity with CVD in the setting of chronic, treated HIV infection; b) develop novel serum biomarkers for monocyte/macrophage related inflammation and coagulation that may stratify CVD risk in the HIV-infected population; c) use global sequencing of RNAs (RNA-Seq) to define HIV- and CVD-associated gain and/or loss of function of specific signaling pathways by studying CD14++ and CD14+CD16+ monocyte subsets from well-characterized HIV+ and HIV- patient groups. Extensively characterized HIV infected and HIV uninfected enrollees from the WIHS and MACS NIH cohorts are brought to bear in this interdisciplinary, multi-site investigation. This project will thereby provide insight into the observed links of HIV infection and related comorbidities (e.g., HCV coinfection) with CVD risk, identifying the innate immune system as a novel and modifiable explanatory pathway. This is of high clinical relevance given the need for improved CVD risk stratification, as well as the feasibility of intervening on mechanisms mediated by monocyte/macrophage activity.
|Effective start/end date||9/15/14 → 5/31/19|
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
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