PARENTAL ALCOHOL USE AND CHILDREN'S INJURIES

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

The purpose of the project is to assess the evidence for an association
between parental alcohol use and children's injuries in two representative
samples of U.S. children using data from the 1985 and 1988 National Health
Interview Surveys. We also aim to assess social, psychological and life
style characteristics which may constitute mechanisms linking alcohol use
to children's injuries. Alcohol use is associated with motor vehicle
injuries, burns, and drownings in the person sustaining the injury. While
it seems likely that children in the care of intoxicated adults are at
higher risk of injury than others, evidence for the relationship between
parental use of alcohol and children's injuries is seriously lacking.

The 1985 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) included a supplement on
Health Promotion and Disease Prevention which contained items on alcohol
behavior, use and knowledge of injury preventing strategies. The 1988 NHIS
included a supplement with extensive information on adult alcohol use and
a child health supplement with detailed data on children's injuries. In
the first year of the project, assessments will be made of the association
between parental alcohol use from the 1985 Supplement and injuries reported
in the two week period preceding the interview. In the second year,
replication of the findings from the first study will be attempted using
the 1988 data, and will be extended to focus of severity and circumstances
of injuries reported in the two-week period and in the year preceding the
interview.

We hypothesize that: 1) there will be a dose-response relationship between
children's injuries and the intensity of parental alcohol use; 2)
indicators of impaired family functioning will mediate the relationship
between alcohol injuries, but that parental use of alcohol will also have
a direct effect on children's injuries; 3) health promoting behaviors and
use of injury control strategies will mediate the association between
alcohol and children's injuries, but that parental use of alcohol will also
have a direct effect on children's injuries; 4) problem behavior in the
children of alcohol users will mediate the association, but that parental
use of alcohol will also have a direct effect on children's injuries.
Multiple regression and logistic regression will be used to test these
hypotheses.

Evidence from a national study can be used to support social and
legislative efforts to control the impact of alcohol on the health of
children.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date7/1/906/30/92

Funding

  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

ASJC

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Epidemiology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Safety Research

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