The goal of the proposed research is the characterization of mu, delta, and kappa opiate receptors and the elucidation of the molecular mechanisms of opiate action. Opiate receptors are membrane-associated proteinaceous structures present in mammalian nervous tissue which provide the sites of action for opiates and endogenous opioid peptides. Purification of these receptors from brain and from neurotumor cell lines will involve affinity chromatography, ion-exchange chromatography, HPLC and immunoaffinity chromatography. Characterization of the solubilized receptors will emphasize the structural features of the opiate binding sites, receptor size, protein conformation, amino acid sequence, and mechanism of action. Standard hybridization methods will be used in an attempt to isolate monoclonal antibodies directed against brain and neuroblastoma mu, delta, and kappa receptors. The monoclonal antibodies will be used 1) for further purification of these opiate receptors, 2) for the elucidation of the molecular basis of the receptor subtype heterogeneity, and 3) ultimately to search for the genes encoding the opiate receptors. The uniqueness of our approach involves our mu receptor preparation, which has been purified 500-fold. The goal of our second project is the elucidation of the neuroanatomical patterns of kappa and sigma receptors using light microscopy autoradiography. Visualization of these receptors will be carried out a) in the presence of mu and delta blocking ligands, or b) after selective protection of these sites during beta-CNA inactivation. The goal of a third project is to determine the functional role of mu and kappa opiate receptors. The appearance of mu and kappa receptor sites in the developing animal will be determined and correlated with the ontogenetic patterns for mu and kappa-opiate induced analgesia. The goal of our fourth project is the elucidation of the cellular mechanisms subserving 1) upregulation of brain opiate receptors following chronic administration of narcotic antagonists and 2) downregulation of opiate receptors following long-term administration of enkephalin in tissue culture. The goal of our fifth project is the purification and identification of an endogenous ligand for the phencyclidine/sigma receptor. Brain extracts have been prepared and will be purified by successive steps involving preparative and analytic-scale HPLC. Such studies are hoped to contribute significantly to the understanding of how the brain works with regard to pain perception and endogenous psychosis and how, on the molecular level, opiates and opioid peptides exert their physiological effects including tolerance.
|Effective start/end date||4/1/80 → 3/31/90|
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Structural Biology
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