DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) deficiency (Pompe's disease) is an autosomal recessive inherited disease that results from mutations in the GAA gene preventing or reducing the normal breakdown of glycogen in lysosomes. The primary defect occurs in cardiac and skeletal muscle and depending upon the degree of residual GAA enzymatic activity results in a spectrum of phenotypes that include a rapid fatal infantile disorder, juvenile and a late-onset adult myopathy. The infantile form presents as hypotonia with accumulation of glycogen in skeletal and heart muscle, and death due to cardiorespiratory failure. In addition, the classical infantile-onset form results in hepatomegaly due to increased glycogen deposition within the liver. Adult individuals with the slowly progressive form develop severe skeletal muscle weakness and eventually respiratory failure. Glycolytic type II muscle fibers (white) are primarily affected in Pompe's disease whereas oxidative type I muscle fibers (red) are relatively spared. Recent studies have observed that Pompe mice display defective skeletal muscle macroautophagy. Macroautophagy is a complex process by which organelles (ie: mitochondria), macromolecules (ie: glycogen) and cytoplasmic components are entrapped into autophagosomes that fuse with the lysosome for breakdown and release of individual molecular components. Glycolytic type II muscle fibers (white muscle) are primarily affected in Pompe's disease and accumulate autophagic vacuoles whereas oxidative type I muscle fibers (red) are much less unaffected. The observation that GGA deficiency results in the accumulation of autophgic vacuoles suggests macroautophagy initiation occurs normally but with a defect in late macrophage events, ie: lysosomal fusion. This raises several novel hypotheses for the mechanism of muscle wasting, the physiologic and molecular basis for lysosomal glycogen metabolism and the exciting potential of using dietary, exercise and signal transduction regulation to reduce and/or reverse the muscle defects in Pompe's disease. In this proposal we will examine the mechanism(s) responsible for muscle degradation and the consequences of lysosomal alkalization on mTORC1 activation and macroautophagy. This information will then be used to design specific nutrition, exercise, pharmacologic, and hormonal signaling regulators to restore lysosome function and ameliorate the skeletal muscle degeneration that occurs in GAA deficiency.
|Effective start/end date||3/7/13 → 2/28/18|
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
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