Intracellular Glycation and Diabetic Complications

  • Brownlee, Michael A. (PI)

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

The long-term objectives of the proposed work are to elucidate the mechanisms by which hyperglycemia-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) produce diabetic retinopathy. The specific research proposed in this application will elucidate the role played by ROS-induced glyoxalase I substrates, which are precursors of intracellular advance glycation endproducts and mediators of hyperglycemia-induced angiopoietin-2 gene expression in retinal Muller cells. Specific Aim 1 will evaluate the effect of hyperglycemia-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) on glyoxalase I substrates, advanced glycation endproducts derived from these substrates, and diabetic retinopathy in uncoupling protein-2 (UCP-2) knockout and glyoxalase I transgenic mice. Streptozotocin diabetes will be induced in UCP-2 knockout, glyoxalase I transgenic, and wild type mice. Retinal concentrations of intracellular oxidative stress products, ROS-induced glyoxalase I substrates, and glyoxalase-I substrate-derived AGEs will be determined in diabetic and non-diabetic mice. Retinopathy will be assessed by semi-quantitative RT-PCR and in situ hybridization at early time-points, and by quantitative morphology at late time-points. Specific Aim 2 will evaluate the effect of inhibition of hyperglycemia- induced ROS on glyoxalase I substrates, advanced glycation endproducts derived from these substrates, and diabetic retinopathy in uncoupling protein-2 (UCP-2) knockout, glyoxalase I transgenic, and wild type mice. Streptozotocin diabetes will be induced in UCP-2 knockout, glyoxalase I transgenic, and wild type mice. In selected groups of these animals, hyperglycemia-induced intracellular ROS will be inhibited by treatment with either MnTBAP or EUK8, structurally distinct SOD/catalase mimetic compounds. Retinal endpoints will be assessed as described in Specific Aim 1. Specific Aim 3 will characterize the mechanism of Angiopoietin 2 transcriptional control by glyoxalase I substrates in cultured primary retinal Muller cells. A hyperglycemia-responsive mouse angiopoietin-2-luciferase reporter vector has been constructed which contains 2.5kb 5'-flanking sequence. Progressive deletions from the 5' end of the Ang-2 promoter will be constructed using restriction endonucleases or PCR methods. The glyoxalase-I substrate responsive region will be identified, and known transcription factor binding sequences altered by site- directed mutagenesis. EMSA will be performed with indicated consensus oligonucleotides from the glyoxalase-I responsive region. Supershift experiments will use commercially available antibodies. IP-westerns of cell extracts will be immunoblotted with antibodies to glyoxalase I-substrate- derived advanced glycation endproducts.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date1/1/907/31/06

Funding

  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $359,344.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $359,344.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $129,425.00

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