GENETICALLY MODIFIED HEPATOCYTES TO ACHIEVE SUCCESS IN LIVER CELL TRANSPLANTATION

  • Shafritz, David (PI)
  • Zhu, Liang (CoPI)
  • Shafritz, David (CoPI)

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Several years ago, we discovered that fetal liver stem/progenitor cells (FLSPC), which have much higher proliferative activity than adult hepatocytes, replace 20-25% of liver mass through cell competition. Since transplanted adult hepatocytes do not have a proliferative advantage over host hepatocytes, they do not induce cell competition and do not repopulate the liver, unless there is extensive damage to the host liver to which the transplanted hepatocytes are resistant. However, major limitations in using FLSPC clinically for liver repopulation are logistic problems in obtaining sufficient cells for effective therapy and significant ethical concerns. We recently discovered that FLSPC hyperexpress the proliferative gene Yap, the effector of the Hippo signaling pathway that controls liver size, and survivin, a downstream target of Yap that inhibits apoptosis, a critical component in cell competition. We, therefore, hypothesize that there is cooperation between genes involved in cell competition and the Hippo signaling pathway and that if we introduce Yap into adult hepatocytes, we will impart in them the unique (proliferative and antiapoptotic) properties of FLSCP that will allow adult hepatocytes to repopulate the normal adult liver. Since there are oncogenicity issues when introducing a proliferative gene, such as Yap, into cells, we have linked the estrogen receptor (ERT2) to Yap, so that tamoxifen can be used to control Yap's nuclear function. A major requirement for effective cell therapy is to maintain the cells in the host long-term and this has been problematic for transplanted hepatocytes in both animal models and in humans. Lenti-viral vectors are designed for permanent incorporation of transgenes into the cellular genome and we will test for durability of lenti Yap-ERT2 transduced hepatocyte transplantation in the Gunn rat hyperbilirubinemia model for Crigler-Najjar Syndrome, type 1 and whether tamoxifen retreatment long after initial therapy has been completed will reactivate transplanted cell proliferation and produce a therapeutic response resulting in decreased serum bilirubin. The Specific Aims are 1) to determine whether and how Yap activated donor hepatocytes expand in WT recipient liver, 2) to augment the repopulation potential of primary rat hepatocytes by transducing them with lenti Yap ERT2 in a tamoxifen dependent manner to prevent oncogenesis and demonstrate the specific role of survivin in the antiapoptotic properties of Yap transduced hepatocytes, 3) to use our lenti-viral vector system to treat hyperbilirubinemia in the Gunn rat and to demonstrate that human hepatocytes transduced with lenti-Yap ERT2 can repopulate the mouse liver in an immunotolerant model that accepts human xenografts. By combining the proliferate power of Yap with the ability to control cell expansion by regulating Yap expression/function, this project represents a new approach to hepatocyte transplantation as a potential method to treat genetic-based disorders in liver metabolism.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/15/147/31/16

Funding

  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $2,007,419.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $670,704.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $613,378.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $55,761.00

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