Development of a genetic and molecular prediction model for cisplatin and radiation resistance in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

PROJECT SUMMARY/ABSTRACT The proposed research and career development plan have been designed to complete Dr. Ow?s path toward independence as a surgeon-scientist in translational head and neck cancer research. Dr. Ow has devoted his early research career to the study of factors associated with locoregional treatment failure in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). This research addresses a major unmet need for the current diagnosis and management of patients with HNSCC. The research builds on Dr. Ow?s previous work, and proposes to use both clinical and laboratory research to examine the relationship between key genetic and molecular characteristics (TP53 mutation, p16INK4A/p14ARF expression, and BCL-family pro-survival molecule expression) of HNSCC and tumor cell resistance to cisplatin and radiation. The career development plan, through mentorship and formal training activities, builds on Dr. Ow?s previous training in laboratory methods, biostatistics, bioinformatics, and translational research methods. Upon completion of the K23 funding period, it is anticipated that Dr. Ow will be well-positioned to submit a Research Project Grant (RO1). Dr. Ow?s mentorship and advisory teams are composed of individuals who have had great success in all aspects of translational research, and will help Dr. Ow develop core skills necessary to carry out independent T1 translational research. Dr. Chandan Guha, MBBS, PhD, a radiation oncologist and translational scientist, will serve as primary mentor, while Mimi Kim, ScD (Biostatistics), Evripidis Gavathiotis, PhD (Biochemistry), and Nicolas Schlecht (Epidemiology) form a strong mentorship committee, each providing expertise in disciplines that are fundamental to the proposed research plan and translational science. Dr. Ow receives protected time, laboratory space, salary for a full-time research technician, supplies, and administrative support from the Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (Primary Appointment) and from the Department of Pathology (Secondary Appointment). Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center (MMC) have demonstrated a commitment to Dr. Ow?s career as a surgeon scientist, evidenced by his support and education as a Paul Calabresi (K12) Scholar and a trainee in the Clinical Research Training Program administered by the Institute for Clinical and Translational Research. The current project proposes to develop a prediction model for locoregional treatment failure in HNSCC using a nested-case control study in a retrospective cohort of patients treated at MMC (Specific Aim#1). The association of the biomarkers in the prediction model with cisplatin and radiation response will also be evaluated in an innovative primary cell culture model (Specific Aim#2). The goals of these studies are to improve the ability to identify patients with HNSCC at high risk of treatment failure, and to develop methods to better understand the mechanisms of treatment resistance.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date1/1/1812/31/18

Funding

  • National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research: $172,260.00

ASJC

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Research and Theory
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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