CLINICAL RESEARCH CENTER FOR COMMUNICATIVE DISORDERS

  • Ruben, Robert J. (PI)
  • Bernstein, Richard (PI)
  • Schwartz, R. (PI)
  • Vaughn, Herbert (PI)
  • Stapells, David (PI)
  • Gravel, Judith (PI)
  • Kurtzberg, Diane (PI)
  • Vaughan, Herbert (PI)
  • Schwartz, R. (PI)
  • Stapells, David (PI)
  • Gravel, Judith (PI)
  • Kurtzberg, Diane (PI)
  • Vaughan, Herbert (PI)

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

The Clinical Research Center for Communicative Disorders in Children,
comprising investigators from several medical and scientific disciplines,
was established eight years ago. During this period Center investigators
have developed and applied new approaches to the detection and
understanding of communication disorders in children. In the proposed
continuation of the Center, we are building on the knowledge gained in the
currently ongoing projects to further implement the goals of improving
diagnostic methods, and of developing knowledge that will be of value in
the treatment and management of children with hearing and communication
disorders. These studies will be carried out through the Core and four
projects using a combination of behavioral electrophysiolgic and brain
imaging techniques to examine various key aspects of normal and aberrant
hearing and language development. The Core encompasses those services
which are utilized by all of the projects. The primary functions of the
Core are: (1) to recruit and maintain subjects required for specific
projects; (2) to perform physical, neurologic and otoscopic evaluations on
the study subjects; (3) to provide screening/diagnostic ABR and audiologic
evaluations for infants and young children; and (4) to provide psychometric
assessments of language and cognitive development. Project 2 will examine
the effects of otitis media on children's communication competencies. Both
global and specific measures of auditory, speech, language and cognitive
abilities will be studied from term through four years of age in children
whose middle ear status will be assessed at regular intervals. Project 4
will study the mismatch negativity as a probe of automatic and preattentive
cortical auditory processing in normal, high risk and language-impaired
infants and children. Project 5 will investigate the effects of hearing
loss and amplification using personal hearing aids on Cortical Auditory
Event-Related Potential probes of the audibility and discriminability of
bandlimited and speech stimuli. Project 6 employs a powerful new technique
that combines source analysis of event related potentials (ERPs) with
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to accomplish spatiotemporal localization
of electrical indices of acoustic and linguistic processing within the
brain in individual normal and language impaired children. The Center
serves as a multidisciplinary resource for continuing research in education
in the area of communication disorders in children at the Albert Einstein
College of Medicine and its affiliated institutions.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date7/1/926/30/93

Funding

  • National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
  • National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

ASJC

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Sensory Systems
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Speech and Hearing
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Molecular Biology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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